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Find Out How “Crazy Engineering” Is Getting Dawn to Ceres

Artist's impression of Dawn's approach to Ceres. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

Artist’s impression of Dawn’s upcoming approach to Ceres. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

Remember Dawn, the spacecraft that showed us our first close-up images of asteroid/protoplanet Vesta when it entered orbit back in 2011? Well Dawn is still going strong, having left Vesta behind and now closing in on its next target: Ceres, a full-fledged dwarf planet and, at about 600 miles (965 km) wide, the largest object in the main asteroid belt. Once Dawn arrives at Ceres on March 6 it will be the first spacecraft to enter orbit around two different targets!*

But despite all its travels Dawn isn’t burning any liquid fuel to get where it needs to go. Instead, it’s using some “crazy engineering” – ion engines, which produce only a tiny amount of force but, in space and over the course of weeks and months (and years), add up to a lot of acceleration. Find out how this works below…

It’s its three 12-inch ion thrust units that make Dawn’s mission possible. “Orbiting both Vesta and Ceres would be truly impossible with conventional propulsion. Thanks to ion propulsion, we’re about to make history as the first spaceship ever to orbit two unexplored alien worlds,” said Marc Rayman, Dawn’s chief engineer and mission director, based at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

An image of Ceres acquired by Dawn at the beginning of December 740,000 miles (1.2 million kilometers) from the dwarf planet. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDA)

A science camera image of Ceres acquired by Dawn December 1, 2014, 740,000 miles (1.2 million km) from the dwarf planet. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDA)

On Dec. 26, 2014 Dawn officially entered its approach phase to Ceres and we should be getting continually improving views as the weeks go by. By the end of this month Dawn’s images will be the best ever obtained of Ceres (and that will only be the beginning!)

“Dawn seeks to discover many of the secrets of this unfamiliar, fascinating member of the solar system family. One of the measures of its success would be if, upon answering many of our questions about Ceres, we are left with even more questions. Now on the threshold of an old world which will be new to us, we do not have long to wait for the great rewards of new knowledge, new insight, new thrills and new mysteries to solve.”

– Marc Rayman, Dawn Mission Director, JPL (Read more here.)

Without a doubt Dawn’s arrival at Ceres is going to be one of the most exciting space events of 2015! Learn more at JPL’s Dawn mission site here, and find out where Dawn is right now here.

Source: NASA JPL

*Of course that is not including spacecraft that, after launch, may have temporarily orbited Earth first before heading off to their primary targets.
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About Jason Major

Jason is a Rhode Island-based graphic designer, photographer, nature lover, space exploration fanatic, and coffee addict. In no particular order.

Posted on January 8, 2015, in Comets and Asteroids and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

  1. I like the content of this article, and its very interesting of what we will find.

    Like

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